Mathematics is one of the oldest and most fundamental subjects studied throughout the world. Euclid’s Elements, written in the 3rd Century BC contained some of the first ideas surrounding geometry, algebra and number theory, many of which we still explore today. Mathematics aims to solve problems and understand the fundamental systems in our world and universe by finding and exploring patterns, in numbers, dimensions and structures. Mathematicians use formulae and patterns to reach a proof, answering a key question. To do so requires skills such as counting, measurement, logic, and calculation. Patterns and numbers are fundamental to our daily existence, making maths one of the key subject areas in education. Mathematics is a fundamental part of many other areas of study and employment including engineering, statistics, architecture and medicine. Mathematics gives a basis for understanding the world, as well as encouraging creative and interdisciplinary thinking.